Matching livelihood needs to tree selection in high potential farming systems

lessons from participatory research in Nepal and India

Publisher: Overseas Development Institute in London

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 141
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Edition Notes

StatementM. Warner [et al.].
SeriesAgricultural Research & Extension Network Paper / Overseas Development Institute -- No.89, UK, ODI Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network Paper -- no.89, Agricultural Research & Extension Network Paper -- No.89.
ContributionsWarner, M., Overseas Development Institute.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22468052M
ISBN 100850034205

Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global warming affects agriculture in a number of ways, including through changes in average temperatures, rainfall, and climate extremes (e.g., heat waves); changes in pests and diseases; changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide and ground-level ozone concentrations; changes in the nutritional.   Data analysis. The number of animals was converted into tropical livestock units (TLU). Conversion factors were first used according to Ghirotti (), where cattle are weighed with , sheep/goat, swine, and chicken with , and , onally, duck was assigned TLU, double that of chicken, rabbit TLU, and cavy TLU (in a random sample of ten adult cavies.   The main aim of this book is to improve the planning base for livestock development in Africa. potential of each system. Like other processes of change, livestock development is dynamic Development Considerations and Farm Systems 51 The Systematics of African Livestock Production 52 4. 2. 1 Farming Systems and Ecological Zones   The chapter calls for more research on the carbon sequestration potential of farming systems like conservation agriculture and agro-forestry in Zambia. improve local farmers' livelihoods .

Another potential for tree damage. Needs for cut and fill to improve drainage. Saving high ground around existing trees can cause drainage problems. The kind and type of excavation method. In more expensive developments, more expensive excavation methods and more caution in excavating can be justified in order to save trees.   Use and diversity in medicinal plants. In India, of species of higher plants, are known for medicinal uses [].This proportion of medicinal plants is the highest proportion of plants known for their medical purposes in any country of the world for the existing flora of that respective country (Table (Table1). 1).Ayurveda, the oldest medical system in Indian sub-continent, has.   Agricultural development must integrate multiple objectives at the same time, including food security, income, and environmental sustainability. To help achieve these objectives, development practitioners need to prioritize concrete livelihood practices to promote to rural households. But trade-offs between objectives can lead to dilemmas in selecting practices. The Arabica coffee tree is a small tree with the potential in the wild to reach 9 to 12 meters in height, growing at an altitude of 1, to 2, meters above sea level. From.

G. robusta has been planted as a component of contour rows in a number of farming systems that aim to conserve soil on sloping lands in the tropical highlands (e.g. Neumann, ). The use of the leaves as a mulch is frequently advocated and practised, and studies have shown that this can reduce soil losses on sloping land (Omoro and Nair, ). A food systems approach integrates all the processes and infrastructure, from seed selection through growing, harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing, eating and ultimately managing waste. Good food systems nourish people and nurture the environment. They are sustainable and enhance environmental, economic and social health. History. Subsistence agriculture was predominant in parts of Asia, especially India, and later emerged in various areas including Mexico, where it was based on maize, and in the Andes, where it was based on the domestication of the potato.. Subsistence agriculture was the dominant mode of production in the world until recently, when market-based capitalism became widespread. of rural aquaculture to livelihoods. It became apparent that although the current contributions were low, the potential was significant. To exploit this potential, Project K5///4 was solicited by the WRC in , co-funded by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), and undertaken by Rhodes University.

Matching livelihood needs to tree selection in high potential farming systems Download PDF EPUB FB2

22 Systems selected either have high poverty with moderate growth potential or high growth potential in spite of limited poverty. 23 Some is also prepared by hand hoe.

24 These technologies use a combination of attractants (to draw or pull pests away from the crop) and repellents (to repel or push pests away from the crop). The three smallholder irrigated farming systems are dependent on large-scale irrigation schemes dominated by small-scale farming.

Although this category contains only about 30 million women, men and children who farm about 15 million ha of irrigated land, it is important for national food security and export earnings in many countries.

Knowledge of Africa’s complex farming systems, set in their socio-economic and environmental context, is an essential ingredient to developing effective strategies for improving food and nutrition security. This book systematically and comprehensively describes the characteristics, trends, drivers of change and strategic priorities for each of Africa’s fifteen farming systems and their.

Books at Amazon. The Books homepage helps you explore Earth's Biggest Bookstore without ever leaving the comfort of your couch.

Here you'll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, Kindle eBooks, Audible audiobooks, and so much more. Tree-based farming systems store carbon in soils and woody biomass, and they may also reduce greenhouse gas emissions from soils [33, 34].

The substantial carbon sequestration potential of agroforestry stems not so much from a high carbon density, but from the large areas that are potentially suitable for agroforestry, including many degraded Cited by:   Smallholder farmers are vulnerable to environmental, climate and weather-related stress, including climate change.

There is an increase in understanding of the benefits of agroforestry systems both at farm and landscape scales, and that incorporating trees on farms through agroforestry systems has emerged as having the potential to enhance the resilience of smallholders to current and future.

With its fast growth rate and high annual regrowth after harvesting, bamboo forests have a high carbon stock potential (INBAR, ), especially when the harvested culms are used as durable products (Nath et al., ).

However, critical ecosystem services of bamboos still remain unrecognized in terms of carbon farming and subsequently carbon. To characterize target farming landscapes and systems, and develop tools for matching species and management options to sites and circumstances. with locally specific livelihood needs and.

Much untapped potential remains for native tree species in the BINP to enhance farm tree diversity, woody cover, and the livelihoods of local farmers. A comparison of the study results with the literature shows that about a third of the woody species found in the BINP are used for agroforestry purposes by farmers elsewhere in East Africa.

The potential of the tree in natural and naturalized forested areas, existing farming systems and other silvi-horticultural systems across India have been studied by IWST including heartwood and. A multifactor approach. Support– Small holder farmers can support the wider conservation of agrobiodiversity and plant genetic do this successfully they need regular advice and information, tailored to their needs.

However, rural development workers are often under-funded and under-resourced, leading to local exclusion. 1. Introduction. Livestock systems occupy about 30 per cent of the planet's ice-free terrestrial surface area (Steinfeld et al. ) and are a significant global asset with a value of at least $ livestock sector is increasingly organized in long market chains that employ at least billion people globally and directly support the livelihoods of million poor smallholder.

The book contains six chapters, each focusing on a particular topic. The first chapter, “General conditions for cultivation of crops”, talks about the basic needs of farmers and farming sector, by providing basic knowledge on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), enhancing the awareness of farmers on critical factors.

Summing up, given the high rural population and small size of land holdings, there is a need to have comprehensive land policy that would transform Ethiopian agriculture from a wider and long-term perspective.

Conclusion. Ethiopia is mainly characterized by low output rain-fed mixed farming with traditional technologies. Source: FAO, c. Note: The diets of vulnerable groups may be low in ail these nutrients. a Particularly high nutrient values are found in the hull. Support services and advocacy for mixed cropping.

Improved agricultural practices for a wider variety of food crops, once disseminated and accepted by the producers, often need support if they are to be widely adopted.

potential of about 6 Mt CO 2 eq. In Nyando, Kenya, heat- drought- and disease- resistant crossbreeds of native sheep and goats are being introduced to increase resilience and productivity of farming households. Forestry and agroforestry In smallholder farming systems, trees and forests are often key to livelihoods.

Increasing forest cover and. The five livelihood capitals can be used to organize indicators of resilience into these five different categories.

As Campbell et al. () state, “the capital assets approach to livelihoods may be an appropriate organizing principal for the selection of indicators of system performance.” It serves as a way to ensure that a variety of.

Indigenous fruit trees can also serve as a source of income for farmers to improve livelihoods. Participatory Domestication enables farmers to grow these trees widely in agroforestry systems, and multiplies these gains.

For instance, bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) has been domesticated through an effort byICRAF scientists working with research partners and communities in. Whole farm planning strategies share a conservation, family-oriented approach to farm management, although specific components may vary from farm to farm, and from community to community.

"Whole farm planning provides farmers with the management tools they need to manage biologically complex farming systems in a profitable manner. change solutions need to identify and exploit synergy, as well as seek to balance trade-offs, among the multiple objectives of sustainable development, disaster risk reduction and adaptation policies.

Such initiatives also require new and sustained funding sources. Chapter V highlights the adaptation needs and responses of developing countries. Farming in SSA, as compared to other regions, is further challenged by being almost exclusively rainfed rather than under irrigation (Dercon et al., ), making agriculture a high-risk livelihoods’ strategy.

As a result, farming households have very complex livelihoods’ portfolios with various degrees of diversification of on- and off. The double potential of agroforestry to address climate change issues •Greenhouse gas–mitigation strategy through carbon sequestration because of greater efficiency of integrated systems in resource (nutrients, light, and water) capture and utilization than single-species systems (Nair et al.

Human activity has transformed a significant fraction of the planet’s land, especially for growing food and harvesting forests. Land is the common ground of shelter, sustenance, feed for animals, fiber, timber, and some sources of energy, as well as the direct source of livelihood for billions of people.

Interactive 5 to 8-week courses connect you to the information and people you need to start a successful farm business or diversify your farm Led by experienced educators and farmers Most courses can be taken by people anywhere in the world (read the course description to check whether it is targeted to farming in the Northeastern U.S.).

Agriculture policy concerns. An example of the breadth and types of agriculture policy concerns can be found in the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics article "Agricultural Economies of Australia and New Zealand" which says that the major challenges and issues faced by their industrial agriculture industry are.

marketing challenges and consumer tastes. In Mid-hills of Nepal farmers' livelihoods depend on tree resources both on private farm land (agroforestry) and community forests. Here is our EnLiFT project website Here is a story "Growing Hope: Australian overseas aid empowering farmers in Nepal" on ABC TVs program Landline.

A holistic systems perspective of projects and programs is required today to achieve the full benefits of systems thinking4 in project management. To achieve this perspective, the need to establish a Comprehensive Project Life Cycle definition and to promote its.

All of these statements are true: developing countries are dependent on fish as both a source of protein and revenue, more than half of all fish sold in the global market comes from developing countries, fish make up the single biggest developing-country export, and more than million people around the world earn their living in the fishing industry.

Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. This diversification of the farming system initiates an agroecological succession, like that in natural ecosystems, and so starts a chain of events that enhance the functionality and sustainability of the farming system.

Modern Arboriculture: A Systems Approach to the Care of Trees and Their Associates. Shigo and Trees, Associates, 4 Denbow Rd, Durham, NH (Innovative and practical book on tree care and maintenance.) Shigo, A.

A New Tree Biology. Shigo and Trees, Associates, 4 Denbow Rd, Durham, NH. Agricultural Business Ideas Urban Agriculture. You don’t need a huge space to get into the agriculture business.

If you have a city or suburban home, you can still plant some crops in small or vertical containers to get the most out of your space. Farmer’s Market Vending.Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock.

Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.

After gathering wild grains beginning at leastyears ago, nascent farmers. Resh wrote the book on hydroponic farming (literally) and you’d be wise to pick up a copy for those tricky soil-less growing questions.

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